List of Acacia Species

List of Acacia Species

List of Acacia species known to contain psychoactive alkaloids From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation

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List of Acacia species known to contain psychoactive alkaloids From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This is a list of Acacia species that are known to contain psychoactive alkaloids, or are suspected of containing such alkaloids due to being psychoactive. The presence and constitution of alkaloids in nature can be highly variable, due to environmental and genetic factors.

Acacias Known to Contain Psychoactive Alkaloids

Acacia acinacea

0.04-0.82% alkaloids in leaves and stems, 0.08% in ripe pods, mostly phenethylamine[1]

Acacia acuminata ssp. acuminata

DMT in bark (up to 1.6%) and leaves (0.6-0.8%), young leaves mainly containing tryptamine[2]; 0.72% alkaloids from leaves and stems, mostly tryptamine[3]

DMT in bark (0.2-1.2%), 0.1% alkaloids from leaves Acacia acuminata ssp. burkittii (mostly NMT)[2]; 1.5% alkaloids from leaves and stems, (syn. A. burkittii) mostly tryptamine[3]

Acacia adunca

β-methyl-phenethylamine (N-methyl-phenethylamine), 2.4% in leaves[4]; 3.2% alkaloids in aerial parts (stems, leaves, flowers) - about 70% was β-methyl-phenethylamine, with smaller amounts of phenethylamine[3]

Acacia albida

Published reports of DMT in the leaf[5] derive from a misreading of a paper that found no DMT in leaves of this species[6]. Besides this, there are independent claims of DMT in leaves and bark based on human bioassay[2], and traces of 5-MeO-DMT, DMT and NMT were tentatively identified by TLC in twigs[7]. Root bark contains alkaloids that were not identified[8]

Dimethyltryptamine active levels in leaf[9]

Acacia alpina

Ash used in Pituri.[10] Ether extracts about 2-6% of the dried leaf mass.[11] Not known if psychoactive per se.

Acacia aneura

0.028% β-methyl-phenethylamine in leaves[12], DMT (0.00012-0.00102%) and N-methyltyramine (0.000110.005%) in leaves[13]; DMT and 5-MeO-DMT tentatively identified by TLC from roots in one test, not detected in follow up; 5-MeO-DMT tentatively identified by TLC in seeds[7] Acacia angustissima

Has been claimed to contain tryptamine alkaloids[14] and significant amount of tryptamine in the seeds[15], but this needs confirmation and supporting information Acacia aroma

5-MeO-DMT tentatively identified in stem bark[7]

Acacia auriculiformis

0.02% alkaloids in spring (80% tetrahydroharman, 20% tryptamine), 0.028% autumn (tryptamine) and none in summer, with leaves of Californian plants[16]; traces of DMT and unidentified indoles tentatively detected in seeds[7]

Acacia baileyana

Acacia beauverdiana

Claimed to be psychoactive[17], but supporting information is needed. Ash used in pituri[10]

Hordenine, tyramine and N-methyltyramine in leaves[18]; 0.28-0.66% N-methylphenethylamine in leaves. Causes stock intoxications in Texas[19][12]. Claims of amphetamines, mescaline, nicotine and many other alkaloids[20] are suspect[21]

Acacia berlandieri

Acacia buxifolia

Acacia caesia

Acacia cardiophylla

0.65% alkaloids from leaves and stems, 0.58% from pods and 0.09% from seeds, mostly phenethylamine[1] Tryptamine and DMT N-oxide from bark[22] 0.02-0.06% alkaloids from stems and leaves, consisting of tryptamine and phenethylamine[3]; one screening found no alkaloids[23]

Claims of DMT in the plant[24] have been referenced to works that do not support the claim. Needs research.

Acacia catechu (syn. A. polyacantha, A. suma)

Claims of tryptamines in this species are unreferenced. Leaves of this (and/or other plants) and tobacco, are occasionally smoked with Anadenanthera seeds for psychoactive effects[25] Acacia caven

Claims of DMT and other tryptamines in leaf and bark are unreferenced. Needs research.

Acacia chundra (syn. A. catechu var. sundra)