Leaving Certificate Technology Project Management Teacher Notes Project Management 1 Project Management This is the
543 56 257KB
Project Participants in Project Management Project Participant is the legal entity that participates in a project and ta
240 70 77KB Read more
PLM200 Unit1: Introduction Page 1 of 38 Unit2: Project Structure A. WBS Page 2 of 38 Page 3 of 38 A. Activity an
23 0 5MB Read more
CMA102 (Second Edition January2017) 1|Page Mr F. Kufakunesu INTRODUCTION TO MARKETING MANAGEMENT Definitions: Marketi
221 56 2MB Read more
Nalco INVENTORY MANAGEMENT A STUDY ON INVENTORY MANAGEMENT IN SMELTER PLANT, With reference to National Aluminium Compa
257 78 381KB Read more
MBA (DISTANCE MODE) DBA 1735 KNO WLEDGE MAN AGEMENT KNOWLEDGE MANA IV SEMESTER COURSE MATERIAL Centre for Distance Ed
213 10 1MB Read more
Project Management Teacher Notes
Project Management 1 Project Management This is the first of three key topics that form Project and Quality Management in the Technology Syllabus core. These are, • • •
Project Management Quality Management Reliability Management
Many of the concepts involved form a foundation for the related option in Manufacturing Systems where they are treated in greater depth.
1.1 Introduction: This document is intended to be used as a resource by the Teacher and is written with this in mind. Accordingly, each of the topics is covered in enough depth to facilitate the subsequent delivery of them in the school. The accompanying set of student notes and workbook has a different emphasis and should complement the material given here. As there will inevitably be a variation in the level and type of projects encountered in the classroom, it is important to establish the general principles involved in project management before applying them to specific examples. By having an understanding of the underlying principles of project management and planning and where they came from, the teacher will be better equipped to deal with the application of them on a day to day basis. The approach taken here is as follows: First the concept of project management is outlined and some key ideas are described Then two key techniques for the planning of projects are described. Next, these techniques are applied to a typical school design & make project. Finally, having worked some problems by hand, the process is automated by a software package.
1.2 Overview of Project Management Project management techniques originated in industry to address the need for managing increasingly complex activities such as civil and mechanical engineering projects. The techniques involved are something quite different in scope and purpose from the ‘Design Process’ that is familiar to the teacher. Project management concentrates on the management of resources and time over the lifetime of a project in a systematic manner. While the approaches outlined were originally developed to aid in the management of large scale projects, they can also be effectively applied in the classroom. In order to understand the techniques it is helpful to look at what constitutes a project and what makes a project different from the ‘routine’ activities of an organisation.
© t4 Galway Education Centre
Project Management 1.2.1 What is a Project? A project is any task within an organisation that does not fit neatly into ‘business-asusual’. The Luas system and the Dublin port tunnel are two examples of large scale projects. On smaller scale, an individual might self-build a new house, a car manufacturer may want to develop a new engine or a company may want to set up a quality system. In the school context, pupils are given a design and make project which needs to be managed – albeit on a smaller scale – using many of the same principles as the larger projects. All projects have a number of characteristics in common. These are: • • • •
Each task is specific and unique Each task has a specific deliverable item when complete This deliverable is aimed at meeting a specific need or purpose. There is usually a specific due date for completion of the project.
Note that design is not necessarily a central part of the project activity. A project may involve carrying out a tried and trusted procedure that has been used many times before in similar situations. One definition of what defines a project is given as: A temporary endeavour undertaken to create a unique product or service (Project Management Institute)
1.2.2 Who is involved? In industry, many projects are complex and may involve input from people with different kinds of knowledge and expertise. Projects usually involve a team who are managed by a project manager or project leader who may be appointed for the duration of